Monday, December 1, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

It was still cold, but milder.  Brigham Young met with members of the Twelve, the temple committee, and the Trustees in the council chamber over the red-brick store.  They read several letters involving the sale of Nauvoo property, including a reply from the Catholic Bishop Purcell of Cincinnati (see October 31, 1845) and another Catholic bishop in Detroit.  The Catholics were encouraging their members to purchase Nauvoo property.  Elder Almon W. Babbitt just returned from his mission to St. Louis, Cincinnati, and Chicago which involved an attempt to find groups to purchase land in Nauvoo.  He reported that the Catholics were anxious to lease the temple, but were not able to buy it.  An agent for the bishop at Chicago was supposed to arrive in Nauvoo on the following day.  Bishop George Miller (the second bishop of the Church) answered a letter from a Robert Owen (see October 31, 1845) giving him an estimate of lands for sale in the settlements in Hancock County.

William W. Phelps wrote a letter to Oliver Cowdery.


Sir:  The Quorum of the Twelve solicited me to write to you some time since, but a press of business in preparing for the endowment in our new temple, has deterred me.  I saw your letter to Phineas [Young], etc.  To be short, we have concluded to let this rotten government alone, and shall not petition at Washington.  That will satisfy you on that score.  As to our exodus, if you believe that we are Israel, come and your friends say come, and let him that is athirst say come, with all things ready.


Warren Foote was busy making wagon spokes for his company.  Thomas Bullock was feeling ill and took two doses of “composition”, which was a powder made into tea which consisted of a mixture of bayberry, ginger, cayenne and cloves.  William Huntington’s company was making good progress building a mill to be propelled by horse power.

Joseph Hovey1 finished his work on the temple baptismal font and was assigned to put up an iron works shop for building wagons.  Joseph had previously learned the trade of carriage making.

An issue of the Times and Seasons was published.  It was reported that “the suite of rooms in the attic story for the accommodation of the Priesthood, in the ordinances of washings, anointings, and prayer, are nearly ready for use; so that the faithful saints begin to rejoice in the Holy one of Israel.”

A daughter, Melissa Mecham, was born to Lewis and Lydia Mecham.2

Achsa Thompson Cheney, the wife of Elijah Cheney, died near Nauvoo.3


Liverpool England:

An issue of the Millennial Star was published.  Orson Pratt wrote that the impending westward movement was “a direct and literal fulfillment of many prophecies, both ancient and modern.”  It was “long looked for, long prayed for, and long desired.”  He proclaimed that it would be “one of the grandest and most glorious events yet witnessed.”



“Warren Foote Autobiography,” typescript, 73; History of the Church, 7:537; Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Vol.4, WESTWARD MIGRATION, PLANNING AND; Millennial Star, 6:191‑92; Times and Seasons, 6:1050; Gunn's Newest Family Physician, 1138; “Thomas Bullock Journal”; Dean C. Jesse, BYU Studies, 12:4:367; Black, Membership of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter‑day Saints:  1830‑1848; Oliver Cowdery to Phineas Young, 18 Dec 1845 in Gunn (1962), p.249; “Joseph Hovey Autobiography,” 34; “William Huntington autobiography,” typescript, 43; Jenson, LDS Biographical Encyclopedia, 3:119


                     Tuesday, December 2, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

The weather was mild.  Brigham Young received a letter stating that a “heavy firm” in Philadelphia was interested in buying all of the Nauvoo property if a bargain could be reached.  The Council wrote a letter in reply that they should send an agent to Nauvoo to examine the property, and that they would sell the property for 50 percent under the value of similar property in the county.

Brigham Young spent the day in the Temple making preparations for the endowment ordinance.  Heber C. Kimball and his son, William4, picked up 25‑30 potted evergreen plants from Hiram Kimball5 who had gathered them from the homes throughout Nauvoo.  They delivered these plants to the temple.  There were to be used in the “Garden Room.”

Thomas Bullock's son, Willard, was so ill that he did not know if he would live or die during the night.

In the evening, the Twelve ordained Albert P. Rockwood, Benjamin L. Clapp and Jedediah M. Grant to their positions as Presidents over the First Quorum of Seventies.  They had been sustained in the positions at the recent October General Conference.6

They closed the evening by spending an hour in prayer.

A son, Charles Edward Robinson, was born to Lewis and Clarissa Robinson.7



History of the Church, 7:537; Stanley B. Kimball, BYU Studies, 15:4:476; Lisle G. Brown, BYU Studies, 19: 3:.370; Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Vol.4, Appendix 1 CLAPP, Benjamin L. (Lynn); “Thomas Bullock Journal”; Jenson, LDS Biographical Encyclopedia, 2:372


                   Wednesday, December 3, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

The weather  was windy and cold.  In the morning, Hosea Stout went with George W. Langley8 to arrange to have some timber cut on their company wood lot, four miles below Nauvoo.

The brethren continued to prepare the temple for the endowment ordinance.  In the main room on the attic level, they began hanging canvas partitions from the ceiling and crossbeams, dividing the room into six compartments.  The canvas most likely came from a supply of several thousand yards which Orson Hyde brought to Nauvoo two months earlier.

A son, Allen Joseph Stout, was born to Allen and Elizabeth Stout.9

A son, Hyrum Call, was born to Anson and Mary Call.10

In the evening, Hosea Stout met with the police at the Masonic Hall, as he did almost every night, to make plans and assignments for the evening.



“Hosea Stout Diary”, typescript, 2:98‑9; “Allen Stout Journal,” typescript, 23; Lisle G. Brown, BYU Studies, 19:3:370; “Thomas Bullock Journal”; Esshom, Pioneers and Prominent Men of Utah, 995; Jenson, LDS Biographical Encyclopedia, 4:621


                    Thursday, December 4, 1845


Nauvoo, Illinois:

It was a “frosty” day.  Samuel H. Rogers wrote:  “Too cold to be out.”  Brigham Young and the Twelve continued to prepare the temple for administering endowment ordinances.  William W. Phelps started to carry the plants to the attic and to arrange them in the “Garden Room.”

Hosea Stout stopped by his brother Allen's place and learned that Allen's second son was born the day before.  Many of the brethren were constantly on the move throughout the city which prevented the mob from thinking about causing any trouble.

At sunset, Newel K. Whitney brought to the temple attic, the temple veil that was used during the lifetime of Joseph Smith and also brought materials to make a new veil.  Brigham Young worked on creating a new veil following the pattern of the first.

In the evening, the Twelve met in the temple for prayer.


Island of Tubuai, near Tahiti, in the South Pacific:

After two long years, Elder Addison Pratt, missionary on the islands in the South Pacific, received his first letter from his wife, Louisa, in Nauvoo.  He wrote:


It is useless for me to try to describe my feelings, for they are known to those only who are placed in similar circumstances.  They were the first letters that had been received from America.  They confirmed the deaths of Brs. Hiram and Joseph, and much other news that interested us.


Elder Pratt also received letters from Elder Benjamin Grouard on the little island of Anaa.  Elder Grouard reported that he baptized 620 people in just four months and needed help from his missionary companion.  Elder Pratt was determined to leave Tubuai and come to the aid of Elder Grouard.



History of the Church, 7:538; Lisle G. Brown, BYU Studies, 19:3:.370; “Thomas Bullock Journal”; “William Huntington autobiography,” typescript, 44; “Samuel Rogers Journal,” typescript, 48; Ellsworth, The Journals of Addison Pratt, 253


                       Friday, December 5, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

The weather was cold and “dull.”  At 8 a.m., Brigham Young and Heber C. Kimball called on Willard Richards, who was sick, and then went to the Temple to continue to prepare the rooms.  Sisters sewed and hemmed the new temple veil.  Elder Kimball’s daughter, Helen, wrote: “We sat in Father’s room next to Brigham Young’s [room], who, with his brother [Joseph Young] came in and sang some hymns--Sister Young assisting them.  Uncle Joseph sang ‘The Upper California,’ and the rest joined in the chorus.”

Many members of the church brought paintings, portraits, maps and mirrors for the temple.  They also brought tables, chairs, sofas, and other furniture to beautify the rooms.  Joseph Fielding entered the temple for the first time and he commented that he “truly felt as though [he] had gotten out of the world.”

Many members continued to suffer from sickness and hunger.  Thomas Bullock, working full‑time as a clerk for the Church had to look to the Church for help in supporting his family.  At times the help was difficult to come by.  On this day, Franklin D. Richards gave Thomas Bullock some honey and bread which he appreciated very much.  Later he went to the Temple Office and obtained some flour.  His wife and children “rejoiced” at receiving this treasure.  His son Willard continued to be very sick.

In the evening, the brethren met in the Temple for prayer and Brigham Young announced that on Sunday at 9 a.m., the leaders would assemble for prayer and council, and that their wives would come and partake with them.  The Sacrament would be administered.  The day would be spent in learning the things of the Spirit.  They knew this would be joyful news to their wives.

Even as preparations were being made for great spiritual gifts in the temple, there was also a spirit of contention among some of the wagon companies.  In Hosea Stout's company, he discovered a great contention over wages and other matters.  In fact things were getting so bad that some had gone so far as to join some other companies in secret, and were trying to get others to leave the company.  There was also contention among the police guard of which he was in charge.  There were complaints every time he appointed a new captain of ten.  It all came to a boil in the morning.  In the evening, Hosea Stout met with his thirteen captains at the Masonic Hall.  He announced that he was not going to regulate wages or settle difficulties.  Instead, he was going to drop everyone from the company who had been working against it.  He would no longer tolerate a spirit of disunion.  He ordered his captains to hold their members accountable and if they did not like his policies, they were welcome to leave the company.  His captains all spoke about and sustained the actions that Hosea Stout announced.  The meeting was concluded at 9 p.m.


Norton, Cheltenham, England:

Mary Bayliss was baptized.11



History of the Church, 7:538; “Hosea Stout Diary”, typescript, 2:99‑10; Lisle G. Brown, BYU Studies, 19:3:370; Joseph Fielding Diary in “Nauvoo Journal,” BYU Studies 19:158‑9; Orson Pratt Divine Authenticity of BofM, No. 5, p.76; “Thomas Bullock Journal”; D. Michael Quinn, BYU Studies, 19:1:93; Holzapfel, Women of Nauvoo, 150; Woman’s Exponent;


                     Saturday, December 6, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

The weather was warmer and ice was thawing.  Hosea Stout went to the Masonic Hall in the morning as usual and found an argument going on as one of his members, Daniel Mayhope Repsher, was being dismissed from his company for joining Shadrach Roundy's company.  Otherwise, things were going smoothly in his company that day.  In the evening he went to meet with the police and found much contention.  On the previous evening it had been decided to not assign certain policemen to guard duty, who had been complaining about the leadership.  During the day, a rumor began to spread that any of the police who did not belong to Hosea Stout's wagon company, would be cut off from the police. So he found much hostilities at the meeting.  Rather than arguing with them, Hosea Stout simply assigned the guard detail for that night and left.  After he left, some had very bitter feelings against him and even discussed taking over the police.

Thomas Bullock spent the afternoon “comparing” patriarchal blessings that William Smith had given while he was patriarch.12

At 5 p.m., the brethren met in the temple for prayers.



“Hosea Stout Diary”, typescript, 2:103; Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle; “Thomas Bullock Journal”


                      Sunday, December 7, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

During the night, some light snow had fallen in Nauvoo.  It melted later in the day and ice started to thaw.

At about 1 p.m., the leaders of the church, along with their wives, met in the temple for a sacred meeting.  These men were those who had received their temple ordinances during the life of Joseph Smith, and were considered to be members of a quorum.  They dressed in their temple clothes and held a meeting in the main room in the attic, the Celestial Room.  Joseph Fielding opened with prayer, followed by the speaking of Elders Taylor, Hyde, Phelps, Pratt and John Smith.  Heber C. Kimball and Joseph Young administered the sacrament which was passed by Bishop Newel K. Whitney.

Brigham Young spoke on this sacred occasion.  He said the time would come when the Celestial law would be put in force. That law forbids any man from taking the name of God in vain.  He condemned the practice which was still found in their midst.  He stated the quorum had met for sacred prayers, twice a week, ever since Joseph and Hyrum were killed and they had met every day during the recent persecution.  He stated that if those present would be as diligent in prayer, the time would come when their persecutors would not have power over them.  He asked that they meet for prayer in the temple each Sunday.  Joseph Young led them in prayer and they were dismissed until next Sunday at 11. 

Brigham Young hung the temple veil.

A meeting of the Seventies was held in the Music Hall at 2 p.m.

As was the custom in the church at that time, several marriages were conducted on Sunday.  James H. Clinger was married to Harriet Chapin.13  David Fullmer married his third plural wife, Sarah Banks.14

Thomas Bullock's nine-month-old son, Willard, continued to be close to death. In the afternoon they gave him a little brandy and water.15

Hosea Stout was confronted by John D. Lee at a meeting in the Music Hall.  Brother Lee had been informed by someone that he had been cut off from the police on the previous Friday night.  He was very upset at Brother Stout regarding this and other things he had heard.  They talked over the matter as they walked to a Seventies meeting being held at the temple.  During this meeting Brother Lee was convinced that the rumors he had been told were totally false, that Hosea Stout was his friend, not his enemy.  John D. Lee hadn't been cut off from the police, but evidently was being told false things from those who wished to stir up contention among the police.  The disaffected police showed up to the police meeting like nothing was wrong, but Hosea Stout did not assign them for duty.



“Thomas Bullock Journal”; History of the Church, 7:392, 538; Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle; D. Michael Quinn, BYU Studies, 19:1:93; Jenson, Church Chronology, January 10, 1888; Jenson, LDS Biographical Encyclopedia, 1:289, FULLMER, David


                      Monday, December 8, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

It was a cold day.  Brigham Young continued to make final preparations in the temple, making it ready to administer the endowment ordinance.

Hosea Stout continued to deal with all the dissension and rumors among the police force.

At 5 p.m., the brethren met at the temple for prayer.  Bishop George Miller was the voice.

Thomas Bullock spent the entire day carrying water for washing.  He also spent time preparing seeds for the journey west.


Somewhere in the East:

A daughter, Tululph Josephine Boynton, was born to John F. and Susannah Boynton.16


“Hosea Stout Diary”, typescript, 2:103‑105; History of the Church, 7:538; Heber C. Kimball Journal; “Thomas Bullock Journal”; Jenson, Church Chronology; Jenson, LDS Biographical Encyclopedia 1:91


                     Tuesday, December 9, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

It was a cold day.  Brigham Young spent the morning in the temple.  At 4 p.m., the Twelve met at the Historian's Office (Willard Richards’ home) with Father Tucker from Quincy and Father Hamilton from Springfield, Illinois of the Catholic Church.  They came by direction of the bishop of Chicago to inquire about land for sale in Nauvoo.  The brethren told the priests that the price on the land would be reduced for a society and that they wanted to keep out those people who would desire to  have their property for nothing.  The meeting concluded at 6 p.m.

In the evening, the Twelve wrote out a proposal for the sale of land to the Catholics.

Hosea Stout talked at the temple with one of the disaffected police, Jesse P. Harmon.  Brother Harmon finally told Brother Stout what his grievances were.  He said he was offended because he understood that he was put in John Scott's company, which he felt was poor treatment, not showing him respect.  He had also sensed cold feelings from Brother Stout.  So, he decided to join Shadrach Roundy's company without telling Hosea Stout.  Brother  Stout told him that he had never been put in John Scott's ten and that he never had cold feelings toward him.  Brother Harmon said it might just be his own problem, but still Brother Stout did not sense that Brother Harmon wanted to reconcile his feeling toward him.

Hosea Stout met Brigham Young and Orson Hyde in the streets.  They told him that it was decided that he was to go on a mission to England and they wanted to know what he thought about it.  He replied that he was ready to do anything that they asked him to do.


New York City, New York:

In The New York Sun, a letter to the editor was published, signed by “Emma Smith.”  The editor commented that General James Bennet  “pronounced it genuine.”   In this forged letter, “Emma” said she was writing in response to Bennet’s letter to the editor in October (see October 27, 1845) in which Bennet proclaimed the Saints would leave the United States and go to San Francisco, and that they would  probably ask him to be their military leader. “Emma” blasted the people of Nauvoo, saying there was no school there, and that she was glad the “simple‑minded people” and “tyrants” were going to California.  The Church leaders' object was to keep the people in bondage and rule over them in ignorance.  She was not going to leave with them. “I must now say, that I have never for a moment believed in what my husband  called his apparitions and revelations, as I thought him laboring under a diseased mind.”  She would stay and she wondered why General Bennet was advocating the cause of these “petty tyrants.”  “But this is a strange world, and I would not be surprised if they had offered to anoint and crown him King or Emperor in the West!”17



Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle; History of the Church, 7:539; “Hosea Stout Diary”, typescript, 2:105‑7; “Thomas Bullock Journal”


                  Wednesday, December 10, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

The weather was fine, but cold.  Brigham Young went to the temple at 9 a.m.  He put up curtains on the east windows, assisted by Heber C. Kimball, Vilate Kimball, Elizabeth Ann Whitney, and Mary Ann Pratt.  Hosea Stout visited with Brigham Young at the temple, where they discussed his mission call to his relatives in England. Brother Stout told him that he would go.  President Young replied that it would be the best thing that he could do and that it “would be the cause of giving [him] more power and exaltation than anything else.”

At 11 a.m., Father Tucker and Father Hamilton were admitted into the Brigham Young's room in the temple to meet with the Quorum of Twelve and a few other brethren.  They were given the proposition for the sale of Nauvoo lands.  Brigham Young explained to them the design of the rooms in the temple and they seemed very satisfied.  Father Tucker felt that the proposition should be published in their Catholic papers.  Brigham Young agreed.  Father Tucker also said that the Catholic bishop should send a committee to appraise the property.  They had men in St. Louis, New York, and other cities that could soon raise the money needed, but the time was so short, and may not be possible.  An amendment was added to the proposal that the temple would be leased to the Catholics for a period of five to thirty‑five years.  The rent would be paid in finishing the unfinished parts of the temple, the wall around the temple block, and the block west of the temple.  The Catholics would also be responsible in keeping the temple in repair.  Both gentlemen seemed very pleased with the temple and the city.  The meeting concluded at 12:30 p.m.

At 1 p.m. Luck Mack Smith, the mother of the prophet, came up to the attic level in the temple for the first time.  There, she had lunch with Heber C. Kimball, Agness Smith (wife of Don Carlos Smith), Mary Fielding Smith (Hyrum's widow), and others.

At 3 p.m., Sister Mary Ann Young, Vilate Kimball and Elizabeth Ann Whitney started administering initiatory ordinances in the Temple in the preparation room, in the small room located on the northwest end of the attic.

At 3:45 p.m., the arrangements in the Celestial room were completed.

At 4:35 p.m., Brigham Young and Heber C. Kimball started administering initiatory ordinances, Willard Richards was the first.

At 7:40 p.m., Brigham Young announced that all things were ready for the endowment.  No person would be permitted to talk or walk about in the main rooms.  Brigham Young, Parley P. Pratt, John Taylor and W.W. Phelps officiated during this first session.

At 9:30 p.m., The session was concluded and the group assembled and knelt for prayers, Amasa Lyman being the mouth.  Some brothers and sisters retired to their homes and the rest continued working.  Another session was held which concluded at 3:30 a.m.  This session was officiated by Heber C. Kimball, Orson Hyde, George A. Smith and Newel K. Whitney.

Brigham and Mary Ann Young, Heber C. Kimball, George A. Smith and his wife, Mary Fielding Smith, Mercy R. Thompson, W.W.  Phelps and his wife stayed in the Temple all night.

The following people received their endowments on this first day:  Willard Richards, Heber C. and Vilate Kimball, George A. and Bathsheba W. Smith, John and Clarissa Smith, Newel K. and Elizabeth Ann Whitney, Brigham and Mary Ann Young, William W. and Sally Phelps, Parley P. and Mary Ann Pratt, Amasa and Maria Lyman, George and Mary Catharine Miller, John and Leonora Taylor, Lucien and Phebe Woodworth, John E. and Mary Page, Joseph C. Kingsbury, Mary Fielding Smith, and Agnes Smith.


Peoria, Illinois:

News arrived from Peoria about the trial of Sheriff Backenstos for killing Frank A. Worrell.  He was tried before Judge Purple and was acquitted of the charge.  The people who were at the trial were amazed at the change in Judge Purple, who did not seem to be influenced at all by the pressures of the mob.  The jury said they could have made up their mind in two minutes, if the trial would have lasted that long.  Two of the mob’s witnesses were put in jail for perjury.



History of the Church, 7:539‑41; “Hosea Stout Diary”, typescript, 2:107‑108; Black, Membership of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter‑day Saints:  1830‑1848; “Thomas Bullock Journal”


                   Thursday, December 11, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

It was another cold day.  After just one and a half hour's sleep, Brigham Young and Heber C. Kimball ate breakfast at Joseph Kingsbury's18 home.  They had a quick interview with Willard Snow19 who had just returned from his mission to Boston and then returned to the temple.

Endowments were administered to Isaac and Lucy Morley, Orson and  Catharine Spencer, Joseph Young, Alpheus and Lois Cutler, Reynolds and Thirza Cahoon, William and Ruth Clayton, Cornelius and Pamelia Lott, Lucy Mack Smith, Mercy R. Thompson, John D. and Agatha Lee., David and Mary Ann Candland, and Titus and Diantha Billings.

Only a limited number of people could receive their endowments each day because of the small rooms and the arrangement of the exits and entrances.  A second session could not start until the first session was complete.  Frequently the initiatory ordinances would be performed on one day, and the rest of the endowment on the next.

At 1 p.m., an endowment session began. Heber C. Kimball, George A. Smith, Orson Hyde, and W.W.  Phelps administered in the ordinance.

Also at 1 p.m., Elder Orson Pratt came into the temple, returning from his mission in the east, bringing with him $400 worth of six‑shooters.

At 5 p.m., another session began, concluding at 7:30 p.m.

Next, twenty endowed men and their wives gathered for prayer, John E. Page being the mouth.  Afterwards, the Twelve and the bishops met together in Heber C. Kimball's room in the temple.  Brigham Young announced that he had received a letter from Samuel Brannan, stating that he had been to Washington and had learned that the Secretary of War and Post Master General were preparing to prevent the Saints from going West.  They stated that it was against the law for an armed body of men to go from the United States to another government.  It was reported that they said that neither could the Saints stay in the United States, and there was no other way but to exterminate them and obliterate them from the face of the earth.  Prayer was offered to overrule them, that “all the evil which they design to bring upon us, may befall themselves; and that the Lord would preserve the lives of his servants and lead us out of this ungodly nation in peace.”

Brigham Young stated, “we should go out from this place in spite of them all, and the brethren all felt that God would deliver us from the grasp of this ungodly and mobocratic nation.”  The meeting concluded at 9 p.m.

A son, Robert H. Brinton, was born to David and Priscilla Brinton.20

A daughter, Ellen Aurelia Williams, was born to Gustavus and Maria Williams.21

Brigham and Mary Ann Young, Amasa Lyman, Heber C. Kimball, George A. Smith, Mary Fielding Smith, Mercy R. Thompson, W.W. Phelps and his wife stayed in the Temple all night.



History of the Church, 7:543‑4; Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle; T. Edgar Lyon, BYU Studies, 15: 4:443; Jenson, Church Chronology; Membership of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter‑day Saints:  1830‑1848; Jenson, LDS Biographical Encyclopedia, 4:509; Our Pioneer Heritage, 17:480


                      Friday, December 12, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

The weather was very nice, but cold.  Brigham Young and the Twelve labored in the Temple.  At 10:15 a.m., the initiatory ordinances began.  At 12 noon, an endowment session was started.  Brigham Young, Parley P. Pratt, Orson Hyde, W.W. Phelps and Heber C. Kimball officiated.  Those who received their endowment during this first session were: Orson and Sarah Pratt, William and Caroline Weeks, Truman O. and Polly Angell, Charles C. and Sarah Rich, George W. and Lucinda Harris, James and Elizabeth Allred, and William and Mary Felshaw.

At 3:15 p.m., Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, Newel K. Whitney and Vilate Kimball went to Joseph C. Kingsbury's home for dinner.

The next session was held at 5 p.m.  The following were endowed: Amos Fielding and his wife, Noah and Sophia Packard, Samuel and Elizabeth  Rolfe, Aaron Johnson and his wife, William and Lydia Snow, Erastus and Artimitia Snow, William and Zillah Player, and Jacob and Emily Norton.22

Jacob Norton described the experience as “the most interesting scene of all my life and one that afforded the most peace and joy that we had ever experienced since we were married, which has been over fifteen years.”23

Brigham Young officiated until 12 midnight.  Several people were allowed to stay in the temple all night.  They took their blankets and slept on the temple floor.

At least fifty-eight people received their ordinances on this day.



History of the Church, 7:544; Joseph Fielding Diary in “Nauvoo Journal,” BYU Studies 19:158‑9; Jenson, LDS Biographical Encyclopedia, 1:103, SNOW, Erastus; “Norton Jacob Autobiography,” 22; Black, Membership of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter‑day Saints: 1830‑1848; “Thomas Bullock Journal”; Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle


                    Saturday, December 13, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

In the morning, Brigham Young and Amasa Lyman left the Temple for awhile and then returned at 10:15 a.m., as did others, to start the work in the temple.

There was a snow storm in the afternoon.  At a meeting of the Seventies,  Joseph Younger was cut off for apostacy.

At 10 p.m., most of the brethren and sisters retired home except for W.W. Phelps, Erastus Snow, David Candland, Henry G. Sherwood, Benjamin S. Clapp, Henry Herriman and Aaron Johnson who spent the  night in the temple.

During the late evening, Brigham Young drafted some rules of order for the temple.  Limitations were established as to who could be in temple rooms when ordinance work was underway.  When the bell was rung, all walking and loud talking must cease.  No person could take anything out of a room without the owner's permission.

Twenty‑five brothers and twenty sisters receive ordinances this day.24


Springfield Illinois:

At 7 p.m., news arrived from Springfield stating that Lucien B. Adams, son of the late Judge Adams, had influenced the public opinion so much that Judge Pope was convinced that Elder Theodore Turley, who had been in prison for a month, should be discharged as soon as he arrived in Springfield.


Pisgah, Illinois:

A daughter, Elizabeth Hallet, was born to Thatcher and Phebe Hallet.25



History of the Church, 7:544; Times and Seasons, 6:1065; “Thomas Bullock Journal”; Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle


                     Sunday, December 14, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

The weather was nice and the ice was thawing.  At 11:20 a.m., a meeting was held in the Celestial Room of the temple.  The opening hymn was “Adam Ondi Ahman”.  President Brigham Young offered the prayer.  Next they sang, “Glorious things of thee are spoken.”  The sacrament was administered and passed by Elders Isaac Morley and Charles C. Rich.  They then sang, “O happy souls who pray” and “Come all ye sons of  Zion.”  Afterwards, Brigham Young presented the rules of order that he had drafted the previous night.  They were voted on and unanimously accepted.  Other sacred matters regarding the temple were discussed.

Next, a discussion was held regarding the difference between a president of Seventies and a member of the High Council or a High Priest.  There had been disagreements on this topic.  President Young wished to put aside disputes in the area.  He explained the Seventies had the authority to ordain High Priests and ordain and organize High Councils. President Young preached that there was too much covetousness in the Church and too much disposition among the brethren to seek after power. It had been this way from the beginning and because of this, Joseph Smith had left the people in the dark on many subjects of importance and they still remained in the dark.  Brigham Young encouraged them to get rid of such things from their hearts.

He then discussed the proper procedure for voicing an objection regarding a person who was receiving ordinances.  He would entertain objections from responsible persons.  A responsible person was defined as one who must have the power and ability not only to save himself, but to save others. “When a man objects to another receiving the ordinances, he becomes responsible to answer to God for that man's salvation.  And who knows but if he received the ordinances he would be saved, but if we refuse to give him the means, he cannot be saved and we are responsible for it.”

The meeting was concluded by a prayer offered by Orson Hyde and the group was dismissed unto the next Sunday at 11 a.m.

At 2 p.m., most of those who had received their temple ordinances during the past week met in the Celestial room for further teachings and instructions from W.W. Phelps and Parley P. Pratt.  At 4:45 p.m., the group was dismissed with a blessing from Elder John Taylor.

At the same time, a meeting of the Twelve and the bishops was held in Brigham Young's room, in the southeast corner room in the attic.  There, they read a number of letters including a report of the trial of Sheriff Backenstos as published in the Peoria Register.

At 5 p.m., most of the people left the temple.  Brigham Young and other members of the Twelve, went down to the lower story of the temple to council together on the arrangement of the pulpits.

A wedding was held.  Daniel McArthur was married to Matilda Caroline Fuller by Patriarch John Smith.  Afterwards, Matilda's father, Edward Fuller held a supper for the wedding party.  A fine dance was held after the supper.26

Also married were, Aaron Daniels and Hannah Caroline Rogers27 and, James Cummings and Auro Atwood.28

A one-year-old girl, Mary Tiffany died, the daughter of George and Almira Tiffany.  A son, Heber Davenport, was born to James and Almira Davenport. He would live for six days.29

At sunset, a meeting was the 27th Quorum of Seventies was held at Rufus Beach's home.  The meeting concluded at 7:00 p.m.  Another quorum met in the concert Hall presided by Albert P. Rockwood.  At this meeting $30 was collected to help pay for temple clothing.

Brigham Young, Albert P. Rockwood, John D. Lee, and David Candland  spent the night in the temple.


Manchester, England:

In the Hall of Science, a special conference of the church was held, presided over by Elder Wilford Woodruff.  There were 10,956 members represented, including 8 high priests, 392 elders, 590 priests, 311 teachers, and 188 deacons. There had been 1570 people baptized among these congregations since last April.  John Banks was ordained to be the second counselor in the British Mission.30



History of the Church, 7:545‑6; Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle; “Norton Jacob Autobiography,” 22‑3; Jenson, LDS Biographical Encyclopedia; “Daniel McArthur Autobiography,” typescript, 12; Black, Membership of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter‑day Saints:  1830‑1848; “Thomas Bullock Journal”


                     Monday, December 15, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

Snow had fallen during the night.  The streets were muddy and difficult to travel.

At 8:55 a.m., ordinances began in the temple.  More than twenty-one brothers and sisters served as officiators and workers.  One task was tending the fires in the stoves and bringing in water.  At 11 a.m., an endowment session began.  Brigham Young supervised and directed all activities during the day. Not only were endowment ordinances performed, but many couples had been sealed for time and eternity during the past few days.

Hosea Stout wrote in his journal:  “This morning at eight o'clock I went with my wife to the [Nauvoo] temple to receive our endowment and was there until near noon before we commenced receiving it and was engaged until evening in receiving it.”

An issue of the Times and Season was published.  Included in the editorial was,


The weather is cold and bracing to health, and every thing moves with its accustomed precision and prophetic appearance, that the Lord blesses the saints in Nauvoo.  We feel grateful to our Father in heaven for his kindness and mercy continued to us, from day to day, and sincerely hope and pray that he will still favor his people; beseeching them to pray for the prosperity of Zion: and that her ministers may be clothed with salvation, and preserved to do good and carry the gospel to all Israel.  Brethren be wise.


At 8:30 p.m., Brigham Young made temple worker assignments for the following day.  More and more brothers were starting to be involved in various assignments.  Brigham Young and Heber C. Kimball selected those who should receive their ordinances on Wednesday.

At 9:40 p.m., Brigham Young, members of the Twelve and others met in Brigham Young's room where President Young offered prayers.

At 10:05 p.m., they parted for their homes.  Nine brothers were permitted to sleep in the side rooms.

At least sixty-six people received their ordinances on this day.31


South Pacific, Tahitian Mission:

After serving for twenty months on Tubuai, Elder Addison Pratt left that island to join Elder Benjamin F. Grouard, who was having missionary success on Anaa, one of the Tuamotu Islands.  He landed at Tahiti to meet up with Elder Grouard.  Elder Pratt wrote: “Tahiti is a majestic looking island.  The lofty mountain peaks were lost among the clouds, and their bright verdant green sides, with the deep ravines and vallies would afford a rich field for the landscape painter.”



History of the Church, 7:547; History of the Church, 7:272; Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle; “Hosea Stout Diary”, typescript, 2:109; Times and Seasons, 6:1064; Jenson, Church Chronology, December 15, 1845; Brigham H. Roberts, Conference Report, April 1914, 104; “Thomas Bullock Journal”; Our Pioneer Heritage, 5:372; Ellsworth, The Journals of Addison Pratt, 262


                    Tuesday, December 16, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

The weather was fine, but cold.  At 8:15 a.m., temple ordinances began.  At 9 a.m., members of the Twelve went to Brigham Young's room.  They dedicated a letter written by Orson Hyde to U.S. government officials to gain support for the planned move to the west.  This “dedication” was a prayer that  that the letter would help gain the needed support.

Brigham Young was very busy during the day supervising the temple work and appointing men to do the various work, giving them much important instruction.  Heber C. Kimball also took an active part in this instruction.  Sisters Whitney and Vilate Kimball supervised the sisters.  President Young and Elder Kimball retired after 7 p.m.

Thomas Bullock spent his day in typical activities.  He fetched water from the stream, cut wood, fed and milked the cow, made his breakfast and then went to the Historian's Office and spent the day copying William Smith's patriarchal blessing. 

Sixty‑nine brethren and sister received their ordinances.32



History of the Church, 7:547; Heber C. Kimball Journal; “Thomas Bullock Journal”


                  Wednesday, December 17, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

Hosea Stout went to the temple at 7 a.m. to help prepare the temple for the day’s ordinances.  Brigham Young arrived at the temple at 7:35 a.m., and at 9 a.m., gave out assignments to the temple workers for the day.

From 2 p.m. to 3 p.m., members of the Twelve went to Heber C. Kimball's room in the attic, just south of the celestial room.  There they offered prayers to the Lord..

At 6 p.m., President Young and Heber C. Kimball selected those who should work in the temple on the following day and he also selected those who should come to the temple on Friday to receive their ordinances.  William Clayton recorded the list for them.  John Pack33 was given the list to notify the individuals.  Brother Lucian R. Foster was appointed to keep the records of the endowment. He took this assignment over from William Clayton, who instructed him how it should be done.  Letters were sent to Stephen A. Douglas, and other leaders of the nation in regards to the planned movement to the west.34

At 10:20 p.m., 16‑18 people assembled in the celestial room to sing a hymn and join in prayer with Brigham Young.  President Young and his son Joseph, along with 10‑12 other people spent the night sleeping in the temple.  Sixty-nine people received their endowments on this day.35  William Clayton’s wife was among this number.  He wrote:   “I feel grateful for this privilege and for all the blessings I receive from day to day for the mercies of the Lord to me are great and many of them.”



History of the Church, 7:547; Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle;  “Thomas Bullock Journal”; “Hosea Stout Diary”, typescript, 2:109; Jenson, LDS Biographical Encyclopedia, 4:714.


                   Thursday, December 18, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

The weather was very cold with a severe frost.  It was very hard to keep the temple warm because of a strong wind blowing from the North.  In the morning, Thomas Bullock chopped bread, and cut milk with a knife.  When he went to fetch water and do his milking, he “was near frozen to death.”  While he was sitting by the fire, warming his back, he set fire to his best pair of pants.

At 9:14 a.m., temple ordinances began.

At 6 p.m., Henry W. Miller brought a report to Brigham Young that Theodore Turley had arrived in town.  He had recently been freed on bail of $250 after spending time in prison for over a month on false charges.

At 6:15 p.m., Brigham Young left the temple to go perform a marriage.  It was probably either the marriage of Robert Taylor Burton and Maria Haven or the marriage of Henry Mower and Susan Strong.36

At 12 midnight, Brigham Young retired to bed.

It had been decided to spend Saturday washing the temple clothes, but there was a general desire, especially among the sisters, that the work should not cease even for one day.  Instead, it was decided to wash the clothes during the night and several sisters spent most of the night doing this work.

Sixty-six people received their ordinances on this day.37


Tiffin, Ohio:

Oliver Cowdery wrote a letter to Phineas Young (brother of Brigham Young).  He advised Phineas that he felt the church should solicit the aid of the government for their move west, but he wouldn't press the matter any more with Phineas.  He mentioned a letter that he had recently received from W.W.  Phelps.  It had disappointed him because it was so short.  Over a year ago he had written to Phineas about abuse and injury to his character by those who had long since left the church.  In the letter he penned on this day, he wrote:


There is an act of justice due me, not only for my own, but for the sake and character of my friends and relatives; particularly those who are yet in the Church.  So far as the others are concerned they care nothing about it.  Indeed, I sometimes think, they wish it never to be given, as that may effectually prevent my return [to the church].  You know my feelings fully on this subject‑‑you will present them to Brother Brigham‑‑tell him I am more and more anxious that matters be settled‑‑the sooner the better, of course.


Evidently, Phineas had written to him about moving west with the Saints, because in this letter he replies: “Samuel Brannan writes me strongly to come to New York and go with him by water.  Were I to go, for many reasons, I would prefer going this way, and avoid a long journey by land.”38


Oliver felt that his character had been damaged by false charges of theft, forgery, and other things.  He wished this to be cleared up.  He admitted to other faults, but not these.  He would later write,


. . . had you stood in the presence of John with our departed Brother Joseph, to receive the lesser priesthood, and in the presence of Peter, to receive the greater, and looked down through time, and witness the effects these two must produce‑‑you would feel what you have never felt, were wicked men conspiring to lessen the effects of your testimony on man, after you should have gone to your long sought rest.39


Liverpool England:

Wilford Woodruff wrote a letter to George A. Smith.  He mentioned that he intended to return immediately to America, get his child from Maine, his parents from Connecticut, and hasten to Nauvoo.  He planned to leave soon after the first of the year.  Right after he made up his mind to leave, he had called for the Conference that was recently held in Manchester on December 14 and reorganized the presidency of the British Mission.  He reported that the church conferences (a group of branches) were “well united and the saints in good spirits.” Preparations were being made to send a ship around Cape Horn with farming equipment and goods.  Elder Woodruff had circulated 20,000 proclamations (see October 22, 1845) around the country to officials such as the Duke of Wellington.  He reported that the church is known throughout England.  The papers reported news of the Mormons often.  He mentioned that England was contemplating war with America and that the decisive point would be whether the United States would claim Oregon.  He reported that there had been more than two hundred baptisms in Wales since the last conference.  He concluded his letter with, “Still we live and are in good spirits, and have faith to believe we shall live to see the faces of our friends again in Nauvoo, and go with them to California, or West of the Rocky Mountains.  You may look for us early in the spring.”


History of the Church, 7:547; Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Vol.4, Appendix 1; Jenson, Church Chronology, November 24, 1890; Oliver Cowdery to Phineas Young, 18 Dec 1845 in Gunn, 249; Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Vol.1, COWDERY, OLIVER; Times and Seasons, 6:1129‑1130; Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle; “Thomas Bullock Journal”;


                      Friday, December 19, 1845


Nauvoo, Illinois:

The weather was still severe, but a little milder.  In the morning, after spending the night sleeping in the temple, Brigham Young made assignments for the day's temple work.  He left the temple at 11:12 a.m. with Bishop George Miller and Reuben Miller.  Reuben Miller was about to leave for the east on business.

At 7 p.m., some of the brethren met in Heber C. Kimball's room with Brigham Young and offered prayers of thanks for the deliverance of Theodore Turley from their enemies.

At 8:20 p.m., a council meeting was held in Elder Kimball's room.  They discussed whether Hosea Stout and Jesse D. Hunter should be sent to England.  Elder Orson Hyde felt that the people in England expected that anyone sent from America would be expected to be something more than ordinary.  The subject was dropped at that point.

William Carmichael was ordained a Seventy by Jedediah M. Grant.  A daughter, Elizabeth Williams, was born to Daniel and Electa Williams.

A record ninety‑eight people received their endowments.40  Isaac Haight was among them.  He recorded:  “My soul rejoices in the things of the kingdom. Well might David say that one day in the House of My God was worth a thousand.”


New York City, New York:

The New York Sun printed a reply from James Bennet to the bogus Emma Smith letter that was printed on December 9.  The Sun never printed a retraction for this forged letter which was probably written by Bennet.  Instead they printed this letter from Bennet.  He stated that the letter came from Emma, or “some person in her confidence.”  He then argued for the church and praised Orson Pratt and Joseph Smith.  Later, after Bennet received word of Brigham Young's displeasure for these articles, Bennet would publish in the Sun the private letter that Emma had sent to him.  (See December 9, 1845.)  He stated that he thought the true author of the forged letter was an apostate.



History of the Church, 7:547; Jenson, Church Chronology; Newell and Avery, Mormon Enigma, Emma Hale Smith p.225; Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle; “Thomas Bullock Journal”; “Isaac Haight Autobiography,” typescript, 25


                    Saturday, December 20, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

It was a beautiful morning.  Brigham Young made assignments for the day and then a group assembled in the Celestial Room to hear Franklin D. Richards read John C. Freemont's journal.  As they were reading the journal, the sun shone brightly through the east window, into the Celestial Room.  Amasa Lyman came in during the reading, also Heber C. Kimball at 9:45 a.m.  The reading was finished at 10 a.m.  Eliza R. Snow handed out the assignments for the female temple workers.  It was decided that temple clothes would be washed every night.

Thomas Bullock and his wife received their temple ordinances on this day.  Afterwards they were taken into Brigham Young's room and met with him.  “I never was really happier than when I was in his room and hearkened to his council.  My wife was really happy too.  May the Eternal Father give us of his Spirit that we may ever bear in mind the truths that we this day learned, and ever keep them in sacred remembrance.”

Martha Jones Thomas, one of Wilford Woodruff’s converts in 1835, received her ordinances.  She later recalled:


We esteemed it a privilege to work on the House of God . . . until it was finished.  We were then called to the house to receive the blessings the Lord has in store for the faithful, which amply paid them for all their labors.  Those days were grand and glorious. . . . The Saints were in the depths of poverty, but we rejoiced in building the House of the Lord.


At 4:30 p.m., Brigham Young left the temple.  At 5 p.m., a meeting was held in Elder Kimball's room consisting of members of the Twelve and Bishop Miller.  They prayed for the health of Bishop Whitney's and Elder Kimball's sick children.

On this day, ninety-five people received their temple ordinances.41  This made a total of 564 since ordinance work commenced on December 10.


Springfield, Illinois:

Governor Ford penned a letter to Brigham Young in which he speculated that regiments of the U.S. Army would be sent to Nauvoo in the spring to arrest the Church leaders and possibly prevent the migration west.



History of the Church, 7:548; Comprehensive History of the Church, 3:102; Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle; “Thomas Bullock Journal”; Holzapfel, Women of Nauvoo, 159; “Martha Jones Thomas Autobiography”


                     Sunday, December 21, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

It was a beautiful day.  At 10 a.m., the Seventies met in the Music Hall.  The Thirty‑second Quorum of Seventies was organized with George Mayer42 as senior president.  They also made arrangements to finish the Seventies' room in the attic of the temple.

At 10:55 a.m., seventy‑five of those who had received their temple ordinances, members of the “quorum of anointed,” met in the east room (Celestial Room) dressed in their temple clothes for a special meeting.  Elder Heber C. Kimball presided.  The meeting was opened by singing, “Glorious Things of Thee are Spoken.”  Patriarch John Smith made a few remarks and then administered and passed the sacrament with Bishop George Miller.  During this ordinance, Elder George A. Smith arose and addressed the congregation.  He spoke of the wonderful blessings being received, as more than five hundred people had now received their temple ordinances.  He then gave some sacred instructions regarding temple covenants.

Following his remarks, they sang “The Spirit of God.”  Next, Elder Heber C. Kimball spoke.  He also spoke on temple covenants and commented that they planned to take one hundred people through the temple per day.  No person should come to the temple unless invited, or on business, because there were still so many people that needed to receive their ordinances.  He mentioned that they planned to convert his room into an office and have a stairway leading down from it to a back entrance.  In this way, people coming to the temple on business wouldn't have to come through the main room, disturbing the work going on there.  He concluded his remarks at 12:55 p.m.

Parley P. Pratt, George Miller, John Taylor, and Heber C. Kimball then spoke on temple matters followed by a testimony offered by Reynolds Cahoon at 1:20 p.m.  Prayer was then offered and the meeting was concluded at 2:10 p.m.

At 3 p.m., another group of Saints was admitted into the Celestial Room.  They had arrived at the temple at 2 p.m.  This meeting was again presided over by Heber C. Kimball because Brigham Young was not in the temple on this day.  Elder Orson Hyde opened the meeting with prayer.  Amasa Lyman addressed the assembly on the importance of the things learned in the temple.  Heber C. Kimball then spoke on returning to live with God.  Elder George A. Smith spoke on the importance of keeping temple matters sacred.  Elder Orson Hyde was the concluding speaker.  The congregation was dismissed with prayer by Elder John Taylor.

At 5 p.m., a number of high priests met in prayer with Bishop George Miller.

David Sessions, Gilbert D. Gouldsmith and Elam Luddington volunteered to draw water from the river in barrels for the use in the temple.

Gilbert Belnap and Abaline Knight were married.43  David B. Haight and Clarissa Richtmyer were also married.

A conference of the Seventies was held, at which the 33rd Quorum was organized.


Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle; History of the Church, 7:548; Jenson, Church Chronology, December 21, 1845; “Thomas Bullock Journal”; Esshom, Pioneers and Prominent Men of Utah, 1029; “Samuel Rogers Journal,” 46


                     Monday, December 22, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

It was a cold day.  Hosea Stout and others reported at the temple at 7 a.m. for their worker assignments.  Temple ordinances began at 8:43 a.m.

A son, Joseph Smith Barney, was born to Lewis and Elizabeth Barney.44

At 5 p.m., a number of high priests met in their room for prayer.

At 12:00 midnight, all left the temple except for Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, Amasa Lyman, John D. Lee, Lewis Robbins, David Candland, Theodore Turley, Hans C. Hanson, Peter Hanson, Henry G. Sherwood, who all slept in the temple.

A record 106 people received their temple ordinances.  They were primarily the High Priests and their wives.45


History of the Church, 7:549; “Hosea Stout Diary”, typescript, 2:111; Jenson, Church Chronology; Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle; “Thomas Bullock Journal”


                    Tuesday, December 23, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

The “dry house” of Charles C. Rich's wagon company was burned to the ground early in the morning with about $300 worth of spokes and other timber.  It was situated near the seminary building which used to be the arsenal.  Charles C. Rich came to the temple to report to work, but was given the day off because of the accident.

The High Council met in the morning in their room for prayer.

At 1:05 p.m., Almon W. Babbitt came to the temple and was invited into Brigham Young's room.  He reported that officers from Springfield, Illinois, were in town with some state troops.  They were after some of the twelve, Amasa Lyman and Brigham Young in particular.

At 3 p.m., John Scott told George D. Grant,46 Brigham Young's coachman, that some officers were watching for Brigham Young and others at the front door of the temple.  They intended to search the temple.  Brother Grant took this news to Brigham Young, who came up with a clever scheme to frustrate their intentions.  George Grant drove Brigham Young's carriage to the door of the temple as if he was waiting for President Young to come down.  William Miller put on Brigham Young's cap and Heber C. Kimball's cloak and went downstairs.  At the carriage, Brother Grant called Brother Miller “President Young” and asked him if he wanted to take a ride.  As he was about to get in the carriage, he was met by the marshal and five or six assistants at the door. They  arrested him on a writ from the United States court, charging him with counterfeiting coin.  Brother Miller told him there must be some mistake, as he was not guilty of anything of the kind.  The marshal said there was no mistake.  They boasted that they would get all of the Twelve that they could and have a New Year's frolic killing them.

They were about to drive off to Warsaw when Brother Miller persuaded them to drive to the Mansion House where he could get counsel and check to see if the writs were valid.  On reaching the Mansion, Esq. Edmonds examined the writ and pronounced it legal.  The marshal started for Carthage with Brother Miller, who he still thought was Brigham Young.  Miller protested, saying there was some mistake.  On the way, the marshal was very social and remarked that the people had played quite a joke upon him, letting Theodore Turley “give him the dodge.”47  As they approached Carthage, the troops began to whoop and holler and went into town in “high glee,” after a two-hour journey.

The marshal went to Hamilton's Tavern and the rumor spread through Carthage that Brigham Young was in custody of the marshal, at the Tavern.  Among those who came to the tavern was George W. Thatcher, the clerk of the county commissioner.  He was well acquainted with Brother Miller.  Thatcher informed the marshal that he had the wrong man.  The marshal came into a private room to talk with Brother Miller.  He said, “I am informed you are not Mr. Young.”  Miller replied, “Ah! Then if I should prove not to be Mr. Young, it would be a worse joke on you than the Turley affair.”  The marshal remarked, “I'll be damned if it won't.”  The marshal asked Miller if his name was Young.  He answered, “I never told you my name was Young did I?” “No,” replied the marshal, “but one of my men professed to be acquainted with Mr. Young, and pointed you out to me to be him.”  William Backenstos was called in and told the marshal that this was not Brigham Young.  The marshal said he was sorry and asked Miller his name.  He replied, “It is William Miller.”  The marshal left the room, accompanied by Edmonds who was laughing “heartily” at him.

At 7:30 p.m., members of the Twelve and others met in Brigham Young's room in the temple for prayer.  They gave thanks to the Lord for delivering them from the snares of their enemies.

At 8:20 p.m., the Twelve left the temple, nearly at the same time, disguised with other people's hats and coats.  A staircase was put up on this day from Heber C. Kimball's room in the attic which had been converted to an office.  This staircase led to a back entrance into the temple.

Brother Hanson spent the day sewing tent cloth.  Many in the city were busy making temple clothes.

At least eighty-eight people received their ordinances.48


“Hosea Stout Diary”, typescript, 2:111; History of the Church, 7:.549‑51; Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle; “Thomas Bullock Journal”;   


                  Wednesday, December 24, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois

The weather was fine.  At 12:20 p.m., William Miller returned to Nauvoo from Carthage, after his bogus arrest.  He had been treated well.  He had spent the night at Jacob Backenstos' home.  He reported that he could not sleep well during the night because he was interrupted by Edmonds' continued roars of laughter at the marshal's “discomfiture.”  On the way back to Carthage on the stage, the driver told him that the officers said it would be like searching for a needle in a hay mow now, to find Brigham Young in Nauvoo.

All the Twelve except Orson Hyde were absent from the temple for the majority of the day.

At 5 p.m., Brigham Young came to the temple and a few other members of the Twelve.  At 6 p.m., members of the High Council met together in their room for prayer.  At 11:20 p.m., the Twelve retired from the temple.  Brigham Young and Heber C. Kimball spent the night there.

A record 122 individuals received their temple ordinances on this day.49


History of the Church, 7:551; Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle; “Thomas Bullock Journal”


                   Thursday, December 25, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

The Christmas morning was beautiful.  The sun shone bright upon a light covering of snow which fell during the night.  This Christmas day was spent by many working and receiving ordinances in the temple.

At 12:15 p.m., George D. Grant brought word to Brigham Young through Heber C. Kimball that the U.S. marshal was in the city again.  At 12:45 p.m., President Young and Elder Kimball left the temple.

For many, the only Christmas activity was just a brief dinner with family and friends.  At 5 p.m., President Young returned to the temple and remained there for an hour, overseeing and directing the temple work.

Between 5:40 p.m.  and 6:18 p.m., a number of the Twelve came to the temple and at 6:40 p.m., they met in Brigham Young's room for prayer and council.  They discussed the western country and united in prayer.  The Twelve decided that George D. Watt should be sent to Scotland on a mission with his family.50 Afterwards they administered to Bishop George Miller, who was ill.  The meeting closed at 8 p.m.

During this time, the High Council also met in their room in the temple.  They prayed for the prosperity and deliverance of the Twelve and the whole church.  The High Priests also met in their room in prayer.

At 10:20 p.m., the work ceased and it was announced that no more ordinances would be performed for awhile.  President Young, Elder Kimball and a few others remained in the temple for the night.

On this Christmas day, 107 people received their temple ordinances.51



History of the Church, 7:551; Sailing “The Old Ship Zion:” The Life of George D. Watt by Ronald G. Watt, BYU Studies, 18:48; “Hosea Stout Diary”; Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle

                      Friday, December 26, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

It was a cold day.  There were officers in town looking for members of the Twelve and others.  They intended to search the temple for those that they wanted.  In the morning, Hosea Stout loaded his pistols and took them to the temple.  When he arrived at the temple, he found out that all the workers were in a meeting.

At 11:30 a.m., Brigham Young called a meeting together in the Celestial Room.  Heber C. Kimball, Orson Pratt and a few other temple workers were present.  He told them that no temple work would be performed on this day, and that they would all be dismissed except for the door keepers and John L. Butler who would serve as fireman.  Sisters Mercy R. Thompson and Eliza R. Snow were permitted to remain to do some sewing.  He told them that no more temple work would be performed, and that if it did start up again, it would be because the Lord is merciful and gracious.  The High Council and High Priests would be permitted to meet for prayers, coming through the back way, through the office door.

Temple work up to that point was performed in groups of quorums, the Seventies and High Priests.  President Young stated that when the work would start up again, they should not pay any attention to what quorum a man belonged, that they all had been ordained to the Melchizedek Priesthood.

He felt impressed to rest a few days, and to let the temple rest.  There had been 986 people who had received their ordinances.  There should no longer be cooking and eating going on in the rooms.  The rooms needed to be cleared of their clutter.  No one would be allowed to come in the rooms unless invited.  He wanted no more cutting and sewing of temple clothes in the temple.  He closed his remarks at 12 noon, when the temple bell rang.52

At 3 p.m., President Young and Bishop Miller confirmed Robert B. Barnes and Norman Barnes who had been baptized on this day.  At 6 p.m., the Twelve, High Council, High Priests, and Presidents of Seventies met for prayer in their rooms.

Sheriff Backenstos came into the Temple by the back stairs into Heber C. Kimball's room for a conference with members of the twelve.  He told them about recent events in Carthage, how William Miller posed as Brigham Young.

Brigham Young and Heber C. Kimball left the temple at 8 p.m. and did not return that night.  Some sisters remained sewing and washing temple clothes.

A son, Loren Scovill Glazier, was born to Shepherd and Rosetta Glazier.53



History of the Church, 7:553; “Hosea Stout Diary”, typescript, 2:112‑13; Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle; “Thomas Bullock Journal”


                    Saturday, December 27, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

The weather was cold, but pleasant.  Orson Pratt was the only member of the Twelve in the temple.

At 10:15 a.m., the U.S. Deputy Marshal Roberts from Springfield came into the temple with Brother Almon W. Babbitt.  He was freely admitted into every part of the Temple that he desired to go.  He went into the tower, on the roof, and into the attic story.  While viewing the city from the tower, he expressed his astonishment at its magnificence and said considering the “unfavorable circumstances” with which the people had been surrounded, it seemed almost impossible that so much should have been accomplished.  He went into the Celestial Room where he examined the portraits on the walls.  He asked whose portraits they were, but did not obtain any correct information.  He removed his boots and hat when requested before going into certain rooms.  After remaining for about a half hour, he left the temple.

At 2 p.m., Marshal Roberts returned with Sheriff Backenstos and a gentleman from New Orleans.  They visited the middle story and the tower, and left about a half hour later.

There were many busy activities taking place in Nauvoo.  David Candland54 purchased some crimson cloth in the morning for the new temple altar.  Sisters Thompson and Snow were engaged in sewing the covering.  Sister Barns was busy ironing temple clothes.  Lewis Robbins55 was cleaning various rooms in the temple.  Hans C. Hanson was sewing tent cloth together.  Peter Hanson was translating the Book of Mormon into Danish.  Orson Pratt was making Astronomical calculations.  Thomas Bullock had a severe pain in his bowls.  He drank pepper tea and cayenne.  He also had a hot brick put at his feet, but continued to feel chilly.

William Miller and Marilla Johnson were married.56

In the evening several of the Twelve came to the temple and met in prayer in President Young's room at 6:45 p.m. Orson Hyde showed up late.  President Young asked him why he was always so late.  Elder Hyde replied that officers had been watching his house.  After prayer, they discussed various topics including California and they read from Lansford W. Hastings, Pioneer Trek West.57

The High Priests met for prayer at 6 p.m.  They prayed that the Twelve would be protected from their enemies and that all faithful Saints may be permitted to receive their temple ordinances.

At 9:35 p.m., the Twelve met in council and selected the names of those who would be called to labor in the temple during the next week.

Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball and a number of others remained in the temple all night.



History of the Church, 7:554; Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle; “Thomas Bullock Journal”; Nibley, Exodus to Greatness, 88


                     Sunday, December 28, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

The weather was warmer, and thawing occurred. At 10:30 a.m. a large congregation of about two hundred people assembled in the attic of the temple for a meeting.  They could not all fit into the Celestial Room (east room), so the canvas partitions were withdrawn for the other compartments, and the side rooms were filled with people.  The meeting was opened with prayer by Elder Parley P. Pratt.  They then sang “The morning breaks the shadows flee” and “Come to me.”

President Brigham Young addressed the congregation on matters pertaining to the endowment.  He announced that they would not be able to hold another public meeting in the attic because of too much weight placed on the floor.  The walls had started to crack and some doors were not able to be shut anymore.  He feared that the weight would injure the roof.  Assignments were made to obtain one thousand cords of wood for the temple, to be cut from islands on the river.

The sacrament was administered.  The group sang “Glorious things of thee are spoke.”  Elder Amasa Lyman blessed the bread which was passed by Charles C. Rich and Bishop George Miller.  The wine was blessed by Elder Parley P. Pratt.  While the wine was passed, the congregation sang “Adam Ondi Ahman.”

Elder Heber C. Kimball spoke and cautioned the brethren and sisters not to tell  people that the Twelve were in the temple.  Elder Parley P. Pratt also had a few words on this point.  Elder Kimball asked the congregation to take a vote on a motion for the people to hold their tongues on matters of the temple.  Wild stories had been circulating regarding events in the temple.  President Young said, “all that are in favor of this signify it by holding your tongues when you go away from here.”  Prayer was held and then they sang a hymn.  The closing prayer was offered by Elder Orson Hyde.

At 6 p.m., the High Council met for prayer in the temple.  They prayed for the sick in town and for Brigham Young, as the leader of the Church.

A number of children were born on this day.  A son, Thomas Bacon, was born to Chancey and Celestia Bacon in La Harpe.58  A son, Enoch Farr, was born to Lorin and Nancy Farr.59  A son, Jacob Hancock, was born to Solomon and Phoebe Hancock.60

Just after dark, three of the state troops stationed at Carthage came into town with a man named Noah Miles, whom they wished to deliver to the proper officers.  He was charged with swindling several people out of their property, such as horses, wagons, and pistols.

Hosea Stout held a meeting in the evening with the police.  He announced to the men that they would need to increase the guard, according to instructions from Brigham Young.  This was agreed to, but it would impact the work being done in constructing wagons.

Brigham Young, his wife and a child, Heber C. Kimball, his wife and a child, and several others spent the night in the temple.



History of the Church, 7:555; “Hosea Stout Diary”, typescript, 2:113; Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle, “Thomas Bullock Journal”;


                     Monday, December 29, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

The weather was warm, which caused thawing.  It was temple cleaning day.  In the morning, Brigham Young and Heber C. Kimball helped their wives clean the temple.  The carpets in the attic story were taken up and shook.  The floors were swept, stoves blacked, trees and shrubbery arranged, and the furniture rearranged.

Several men went to the home of Bishop George Miller in the morning.  Some went into his house.  It was suspected they were trying to arrest him, but even though Bishop Miller was with them all the time, none of them knew him, and none of the brethren let them know who he was.  Brigham Young called Hosea Stout to the temple.  He asked Brother Stout to raise a guard of fifty mounted horsemen to patrol Nauvoo.

At 2 p.m., word was brought to Brigham Young that a company of State soldiers was in town from Carthage.  They came up the hill, went around the east end and north side of the temple.  They stopped at the house of George Miller and asked some questions.  It turned out that they were searching for hogs that were said to be stolen from a Mr. Davidson Hibbard.61  While Hosea Stout was organizing his mounted guard, he noticed these men.  He had six to eight men follow the soldiers at every turn keeping close watch.  Finally, the soldiers wanted to know why the men were following them.  They were told that they, too, were hunting for stolen property.  The captain asked if they were trying to insult him.  He was told that the soldiers had in their company a man by the name of Hill who was guilty of murder and house burning and that they intended to watch him.  The troops then left Nauvoo for Carthage and were followed to the edge of the city.

At 3:15 p.m., Noah Rogers arrived home from his mission to the Society Islands (Tahiti).  He had traveled the last leg of his journey on foot, all the way from Kentucky.  He came up to the temple office (Heber C. Kimball's room).  He brought a Mr. Tower, a fellow passenger on board his ship whom he baptized.  Brother Rogers brought a favorable report on the progress of the gospel on the islands.  (See November 13, 1845.)

At 3:40 p.m., ordinances resumed.  A session was conducted for twelve sisters, Diantha Farr Clayton (wife of William Clayton), Belinda Marden Pratt (wife of Parley P. Pratt), Lucy Very Flanigan (wife of Thomas Flanigan), Lucy Walker Kimball (wife of Heber C. Kimball), Louisa Cutler Rappleye (wife of Tunis Rappleye), Nancy Clement Smith (wife of George A. Smith), Lucy Smith (wife of George A. Smith), Zilpha Starks Smith (wife of George A. Smith), Caroline Smith (daughter of John Smith), Harriet Cook Young (wife of Brigham Young), Louisa Beman Young (wife of Brigham Young), and Emily Partridge Young (wife of Brigham Young).

At 6 p.m.  the high council, high priests, and seventies met in their rooms for prayer.  At 6:10 p.m., Brigham Young ordered to have the lights taken out of the temple stair case because it was rumored that the troops were trying to get into the temple.  It turned out to be a false alarm.  The city was in a state of high alert.  The city guard was doubled.

At 10 p.m., the Twelve met for prayer in Brigham Young's room.  They prayed for deliverance from their enemies and that they might be spared to give all the faithful Saints their endowments.

After prayer, most of the Twelve went home.  Amasa Lyman laid down on the sofa.  Brigham Young and Heber C. Kimball went into the tower and onto the roof for a half hour.  Before he retired, President Young spent an hour reading Captain Fremont's book.


Springfield, Illinois:

Governor Ford penned an alarming letter to Sheriff Backenstos in reply to a letter that the governor had recently received from him.  He let the Sheriff know that he had nothing to do with the recent attempt by U.S.  marshals to arrest Brigham Young.  (They were tricked and arrested the wrong man.) To his knowledge, no state troops were used.  The U.S.  marshal had made a demand to use the troops, but he was refused.  He mentioned that it was assumed that if anyone went unattended to Nauvoo to arrest one of the Church leaders, that they would be murdered.  Thus, he did not think that any state troops were used.

He mentioned that this event would now bring the Church and the United States government into collision for the first time.  He guessed that President Polk would order one or two regiments of the army to go to Nauvoo, to make the arrests.  He also supposed that the government would try to prevent the Mormons from going west of the Rocky Mountains.  It was rumored that the Mormons would join the British if they went west and be more trouble then ever.  When the government did send a large force to Nauvoo, he supposed that the Church leaders would become fugitives or have to submit to a trial.



History of the Church, 7:556; Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle; Black,  Membership of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter‑day Saints: 1830‑1848; “Thomas Bullock Journal”


                    Tuesday, December 30, 1845

Nauvoo, Illinois:

The weather was pleasant.  A large number of people showed up at an early hour at the temple, ready to receive their temple ordinances.

At 11 a.m., Almon Babbitt came into the temple and reported that the marshal had left Carthage, for Springfield, and there would be no more danger of arrests.  Bishop Miller stayed in the temple all day, fearing that he would be arrested.  At 4 p.m., Brigham Young left the temple and returned at 5:25 p.m.

Parley P. Pratt spent time forming a schedule for a pioneer company of one thousand men, to travel ahead of the main body of the church, to find a proper location and put in seed early in the summer.

At 8:30 p.m., temple ordinances ceased.  It was thought proper to have a time of recreation.  A number of people gathered in the east room (Celestial Room). Brother Hans Hanson was invited to produce his violin, with Elisha Averett,62 his flute.  They played several lively dancing tunes.  A French Four (square dance) was started.  The first one was opened by Brigham Young, Sister Whitney, Heber C. Kimball and Sister Lewis.  Soon the whole floor was covered with dancers.  After an hour of dancing, several songs were sung.  Sister Whitney, at the invitation of Brigham Young, sang with the gift of tongues and her husband, Bishop Newel Whitney interpreted.  Brigham Young and Heber C. Kimball also spoke in a foreign tongue.  After conversations, the evening was closed by prayer offered by Brigham Young.

Clarissa Harriman died.  She was the wife of Henry Harriman, one of the Presidents of the Seventies.

Eighty‑eight persons received ordinances on this day.63

About this time, an anonymous sister wrote a song, “Early This Spring We Leave Nauvoo.”


Early this spring we leave Nauvoo

And on our journey we’ll pursue.

We’ll go and bid the mob farewell

And let them go to heaven or hell.


So on the way to California:

In the spring we’ll take our journey

Far above Arkansas’ fountains pass

Between the Rocky Mountains.


The mobocrats have done their best,

Old Sharp and Williams with the rest.

They’ve burnt our houses and our goods

And left our sick folk in the woods.


Below Nauvoo on the green plains,

They burnt our houses and our grains.

And if fought, they were hell bent

To raise for help the government.


The old settlers that first cleared the soil,

They thought they would take a spoil.

And at first they did begin,

But not much money did bring in.


Old Governor Ford, his mind so small,

He’s got no room for soul at all.

If heaven and hell should do their best,

He neither could be damned or blessed.


Backenstos, his mind so large

Upon the mob, he made a charge;

Some three or four he did shoot down

And left them dying on the ground.


The old state marshall came to town

And searched our temple up and down.

He told the Saints that he had come

And brought a writ for Brigham Young.


Old Major Warren came to town--

He rode our city up and down

And searched for hogs like a good fellow,

And at last was found in Hibbard’s cellar.


So out of the way, you old state marshall,

You can’t get the Twelve Apostles;

So out of the way, old Major Warren,

You can’t come it over the Mormons.


Now since it’s so we have to go

And leave the City of Nauvoo,

I hope you’ll all be strong and stout,

And then no mob can back you out.


The temple shining silver bright

And Christ’s own glory gives the light;

High on the mountains we will rear

A standard to the nations far.



History of the Church, 7:557‑8; Smith, ed., Heber C. Kimball Journal in An Intimate Chronicle; “Thomas Bullock Journal”; Holzapfel, Women of Nauvoo, 143-44



1Joseph Grafton Hovey was baptized into the Church in 1839.  He later was one of the first settlers of Millville, Utah and he was called as the Bishop of Millville in 1860.

2Lewis was previously a bodyguard for Joseph Smith.  He arrived in Utah in 1851 and settled in Provo.

3Achsa Thompson Cheney had been a member of the Church since 1833.  Elijah Cheney was one of the two elders who first preached a sermon to Wilford Woodruff.  Elder Woodruff said of their preaching, “I truly felt that it was the first gospel sermon that I had ever herd.  I thought it was what I had long been looking for I could not feel it my duty to leeve the house without bearing my witness to the truth before the people.”  Elijah later died in Centerville, Utah, in 1863.

4William Henry Kimball was nineteen years old at this time.  William would later serve a mission to England in 1854.  He drove the mail between Salt Lake City and Park City from 1870 - 1885.  He helped settle Parley’s Park, Utah.

5Hiram S. Kimball was the son of Phineas and Abigail Kimball (no relation to Heber C. Kimball).  He was baptized into the Church in 1843.  He was later called to serve a mission to the Sandwich Islands in 1863.  While traveling to his mission, the steamer Ada Hancock exploded killing forty passengers including Elder Kimball.

6Benjamin Clapp was later excommunicated in 1859 and died in California.  Elder Rockwood remained faithful and Jedediah M. Grant later served as a counselor to President Brigham Young.

7Charles Robinson would later die of sickness on a mission to the Southern States in 1883.  His father would serve as a councilman of Salt Lake City.

8George Washington Langley later would be the captain of the first company to cross the Mississippi River on the ice.  He built the first adobe house at Salt Lake City.  He died in 1850 and was the first man buried in Salt Lake Cemetery.

9The Stouts were living in the Heber C. Kimball home.  Allen Stout served as a body guard for Elder Kimball and was to be on hand at a minute's warning if anything should take place that needed his help.

10Anson Call was baptized into the Church in 1834.  He would later serve as the bishop of the Bountiful Ward  in Utah.  He also would serve as a counselor in the Davis Stake Presidency.

11Later in 1849, Orson Pratt would receive a letter regarding Mary Bayliss:  “Dear Brother Pratt.  I write to inform you of two remarkable cases of healing which took place in the village of Barrow, in the county of Gloucester.  First; a young female, by the name of Mary Bayliss, was very violently seized with the black fever, so that she was not expected to live.  Brother and Sister Bayliss sent for a servant of God from a neighboring village, called by the name of George Curtis, who came and prayed for and laid hands upon her in the name of Jesus, and she was healed, and the next day she was up, to the astonishment of the people.  This occurred on the 7th of June, 1848.”

12Thomas Bullock was probably comparing copies, because during the next few weeks he spent time making copies of blessings.

13James Clinger would later settle in Lake View, Utah, and would be arrested in 1888.

14David Fullmer joined the church in 1836.  He is mentioned in D&C 124:132, served as a city councilman in Nauvoo, a member of the high council, and was a captain of a wagon company.  He would later go to Utah in 1850 and serve as the president of the Salt Lake Stake from 1852‑1856.  He died in 1879. Sarah Banks joined the church in 1843.

15Willard Bullock would live through the winter, but sadly would die in 1847 at Winter Quarters.

16John F. Boynton was one of the original Twelve Apostles.  Among the people John F. Boynton baptized were Lorenzo Snow and Jedediah M. Grant.  In 1837, he fell into apostacy during the economic difficulties in Kirtland, Ohio.  He turned against Joseph Smith and was cut off from the Quorum and the Church.  Later, in 1853, he was appointed by the government to make a trip to California on a geological surveying expedition.  During the Civil War, he was employed in the invention of torpedoes and other weapons of war.  By 1886, he had his name on 36 U.S. patents.  He died in Syracuse, New York in 1890. 

17When Emma later saw this letter in the paper, she fired off a letter to General Bennet.  “I never was more confounded with a misrepresentation than I am with that letter, and I am greatly perplexed that you should entertain the impression that the document should be a genuine production of mine. How could you believe me capable of so much treachery, as to violate the confidence reposed in him, and bring your name before the public in the manner that letter represents?”

Emma later wrote to the paper, “Sir: I wish to inform you, and the Public through your paper, that the letter published Tuesday morning, December 9th, is a forgery, the whole of it, and I hope that this notice will put a stop to all such communications.  EMMA SMITH.”

This true letter from Emma never did appear in The New York Sun, but a copy was published in the Times and Seasons on January 15, 1846.  The Twelve would later discuss this incident in a council meeting and conclude that Bennet was the true author of the forged letter.  Bennet would continue to publish letters in the paper for some time. 

18Joseph C. Kingsbury was baptized into the Church in 1832, at Kirtland, Ohio. He would later serve as the bishop of the Second Ward in Salt Lake City.

19Willard Snow was baptized into the Church in 1833 by Orson Pratt.  He would later be the first missionary to die on a foreign mission.  He died on board a ship sailing from Copenhagen, Denmark, to Hull, Yorkshire, England in 1853.

20David Brinton was away on a mission.  David was one of the first settlers of Parowan, Utah.  He later filled two more mission.  David died in 1878 in Big Cottonwood, Utah.

21Gustavus was one of the trustees of the Mercantile and Mechanical Association in Nauvoo.  The family would settle in Salt Lake City.

22Also endowed on this day were:  Joseph and Hannah Fielding, Jane Young, Henry and Clarissa Harriman, Benjamin and Mary Clapp, William and Sarah Crosby, Lucian and Ann Foster, Miles and Elizabeth Romney, Jedediah M., Rachel and Caroline Grant, Levi and Clarissa Hancock, Willard and Melvina Snow, Albert and Nancy Rockwood, William and Lydia Huntington (Edward Partridge's widow), Aaron Johnson, Henry and Jane Sherwood, and Zerah Pulsipher.

23Many of those who had received their endowments during the past three days had also received them during the lifetime of Joseph Smith.  Joseph Fielding explained that now it was “given in a more perfect manner because of better convenience.”  During Joseph Smith's lifetime, temple ordinances were administered in four locations:  Joseph Smith's first home in Nauvoo (“Old Homestead”), the Mansion House, Brigham Young's home, and the “Red Brick” store.  In the first three locations there was very limited space.  In the store, the large open upper floor was set up using canvas partitions similar to the setup in the Nauvoo Temple.  Both Brigham Young and Lucius N. Scovil mentioned that Joseph was concerned about the size of the upper room in the store, which prevented him from presenting a perfect representation of the endowment rooms for the temple.  The Nauvoo Temple attic was two and a half times bigger than the floor space at the store.

24Among those were:  Elijah and Cherizade Averett, Samuel and Lettice Bent, Thomas and Anna Burdock, Albert and Rhoda Carrington, Isaac and Phoebe Chase, William Cutler, Philo and Hannah Dibble, George and Elizabeth Grant, Peter O. Hansen, Hans Hanson, Peter and Charlotte Haws, Andrew and Hannah Lytle, John and Christina Lytle, Joseph and Phebe Knight, Newel and Lydia Knight, William and Phebe Miller, John and Elizabeth Mills, Franklin D. and Jane Richards, Lucius and Lura Scovil, Daniel and Mary Spencer, Ruth Wright Stoddard (wife of Lyman Stoddard), Samuel Whitney, Lorenzo Dow Young, Phineas Young, Nancy Robinson Young (wife of Alphonzo Young)

25Elizabeth would later marry Don Carlos Snow in 1862.  They would settle in Provo, Utah.

26Daniel McArther would later serve two missions to England and was one of the first settlers of St. George, Utah.  He served as the bishop of the St. George Third Ward, and later the stake president of the St. George  Stake.

27The Daniels would later settle in Provo, Utah.  In 1855 they would split up when Aaron desired to leave Utah for California.  Hannah married Abraham O. Smoot late in her life.

28The Cummings family would settle in Salt Lake City.

29James Davenport would be in the first company of saints to arrive in the valley and the family would settle in Richmond, Utah.

30John Banks later broke away from the Church in 1861 and helped organize a church that believed Joseph Moriss to be a prophet.  Banks was among those killed in a shootout with the Morrisites in 1862, in Weber County, Utah. 

31The following people received their endowments:  Jesse and Sarah Baker, Ezra T and Pamelia Benson, Sophia Foster Burgess, Robert Burton, Huldah Butler, John Lowe Buter, Thomas Callister, Daniel and Margaret Carn, Simeon and Lydia Carter Charlotee Chase, Diana Chase, Ezra and Tirza Chase, Stephen and Doryanne Chase, Thadeus Cutler, George and Dorcas Dykes, Winslow and Oliver Farr, David and Rhoda Fullmer, John and Mary Ann Fullmer, Peter and Susannah Fullmer, Daniel and Margaret Garn, Gibson Gates, Jacob and Mary Gates, Thomas and Caroline Grover, John and Martha Herrington, Abigal Chase Hubbard, Edward and Ann Hunter, Jesse and Kiziah Hunter, Lyman Littlefield, Reuben and Rhoda Miller, John Murdock, Freeman and Hulda Nickerson, Joseph and Mary Nobel, Horace Owens, William and Mary Redfield, Phinehas and Wealthy Richards, Asahel and Elizabeth Smith, Elias and Lucy Smith, Hosea and Louisa Stout, Samuel and Ruth Williams, Lewis and Nancy Wilson,

32Among those were:  Elizabeth Haven Barlow, Elizabeth Oates Burton, Charlotte Woods Carter, Augusta Adams Cobb, Howard and Tamson Parshley Egan, Lorin Farr, Appleton Harmon, Jesse Harmon, Jesse Pierce and Anna Parns Harmon, John Harmon, Isaac Higbee, Joseph and Martha Webster Hovey, Charles Hubbard, Noah Hubbard, Sarah E. Hubbard, John Kay, Dorcas Moore Kingsbury, Sophrona Harmon Kimball (Heber C. Kimball's wife), Abigail Pitkin Kimball (Heber C. Kimball's wife), Laura Pitkin Kimball (Heber C. Kimball's wife), Elam Luddington, Sylvia Session Lyon, William and Elizabeth Henerson Matthews, Thomas and Mahala Higley Moor, Stephen Markham, William Markham, Warren and Hannah Hogaboom Markham, Catherine Jones Markham (wife of Warren Markham), Phylote Green Pack, John and Julie Ives Pack, John and Almedia Roundy Parker, Morris and Sarah Thompson Phelps, George and Amanda Egleston Pitkin, Jared Roundy, David Sessions, Perrigrine Sessions, John and Elizabeth Menery Scott, Eliza R. Snow, Charles and Julie Hooker Shumway, James and Agness Taylor, Chauncey Webb, Clark Whitney, Elizabeth Moore Whitney (wife of Newel K. Whitney), and Ellen Rockwood Young.

33John Pack would later be in the original pioneer company that arrived in Salt Lake Valley, in 1847.  He helped to build Chase's mill in Liberty Park, built the first dancing hall in Utah, in which Livingston and Kincaid opened the first store.  In 1856 he helped to settle Carson Valley, Nevada and was a member of the Deseret Agricultural and Manufacturing Society.

34These letters were probably in response to the alarming news received on December 11, from Samuel Brannan, that some government officials wanted to stop the Saints from moving west.

35Lewis and Ann March Abbot, Edson Barney, Jonathan and Susanna Kinsey Beckelshymer, John and Jane Holmes Benbow, Edmund and Ann Kelly Bosley, William and Nancy Gibbs Cahoon, Thirza Stiles Cahoon (wife of Reynolds Cahoon), Margaret Moon Clayton (wife of William Clayton), Bradford and Ann Dunlap Elliot, John and Lydia Pullin Fidoe, Elijah and Anna Chaffee Fordham, Thomas Gates Sr, Archibald Newell and Isabell Hood Hill, Daniel Currie Hill, Elizabeth Hill, Samuel and Jane Haynes Heath, Margaret Bryce Hill (Wife of John Hill), Levi and Angeline Myers Jackman, William and Elizabeth Cottom Moss, Martha Browett Hyde (wife of Orson Hyde), Mary Ann Price Hyde (wife or Orson Hyde), William and Mary Watters Kay, Martha McBride Knight (wife of Vinson Knight), George and Mary Turner Langley, Tarleton Lewis, Asa and Sarah Davis Lyman, Elijah Newman, Losana Newman, Charles and Peggy Campbell Patten, Ezekiel and Electa Buck Peck, Hezekiah and Martha Long Peck, Calvin and Sally Seavey Pendleton, Ashael and Polly Chadwick Perry, Albert and Catherine Petty, William and Cornelia Devine Pitt, Chandler and Amanda Hollister Rogers, Noble Rogers, Mary Bates Rogers (wife of Noah Rogers), Almon and Lois Cutler Sherman, Susannah Ogden Bigler Smith (wife of George A. Smith), Elizur Terill, James and Jane Marshall Whitehead, John and Electa Sherman Whitesides.

36Robert T. Burton would later serve as second counselor to the Presiding Bishop Edward Hunter and first counselor to Presiding Bishop William B. Preston.  He would die in 1907, at Salt Lake City, Utah.

37Among them were:  Margaret McMeans Adkins (wife of Charles Adkins), Caleb and Nancy Kingsbury Baldwin, Orice Burnham, Ormond Butler, Solomon Chamberlain, Delia Richardson Curtis (wife of Naham Curtis), Jabez Durfee, Wilber and Harriet Beard Earl, Catherine Essex, William Foy, Esther Gheen, Charles and Margaret Hulet, Sylvester Hulet, Daniel S. Jackson, Benjamin and Melissa Bloomfield Johnson, LeBaron Johnson, Alice Gheen Kimball (wife of Heber C. Kimball), Amanda Gheen Kimball (wife of Heber C. Kimball), Rosina Lyman, Paulina Phelps Lyman (wife of Amasa Lyman), Elijah Malin, Eliza Malin, Sarah Malin, Alexander McRae, William and Millesant Osborn Parks, Thomas M. Pearson, David and Elizabeth Alden Pettigrew, Robert and Hannah Havey Pierce, Thomas Pierce, Charles Price, Eliss and Rachel Roberts Sanders, William and Mary Miles Sanger, Mary Pew Scott (wife of John Scott), Abraham O. Smoot, Persis Cole Stiles (wife of John Stiles), Lyman Stoddard, Marinda Bennett Stout (wife of Hosea Stout), Thomas and Mary Derbyshire Travis, Mary Utley Taylor (wife of John Taylor), Emiline Shepherd Waterman (wife of John Waterman), Jacob and Maria Malin Weiler, Margaret Peirce Whiteside, Stephen and Nancy Case Winchester, Stephen Winchester Jr., David and Mary Hoops Yearsley, Alphonso Young, Jacob and Sarah Forstner Zundel

38Samuel Brannan would later take a large group of saints on the Brooklyn around Cape Horn to California.  Oliver Cowdery was not among the passengers.

39Oliver Cowdery would later be rebaptized into the Church in 1848 and he hoped to move west.  He would die in Richmond, Missouri on March 3, 1850. 

40These included:  Isaac and Julia Taylor Allred, William and Emeline Stewart Anderson, Sarah Witt (future wife of Elisha Averett), Zimri and Eunice Seabey Baxter, Rebecca Billington, Ruth Boiser, Martha Bowker, George and Mary Graves Brayton, Samuel and Lydia Lathrop, Vernon and Mercy Simons Bruce, William and Mary Wilson Carmichael, Margaret Loye Clapp, Sarah Kingsley Cleveland (wife of John Cleveland), Jonathan and Caroline Barnes Crosby, Addison and Orpha Redfield Everett, Stephen and Julia Clark Farnsworth, Lucretia Fulton, Philena Hasting Fulton (wife of Nathan Fulton), Phebe Palmer, William Gray, Harvey and Jane Rich Green, Caleb Haight, Hector and Julia Van Orden Haight, Isaac and Eliza Snyder Haight, Adeline Hendrickson, Sarah Maria Johnson, Huldah Barnes Kimball (wife of Heber C. Kimball), Martha McBride Knight (wife of Vinson Knight), George Laub, Asahel and Jane Peacock Lathrop, Abigail Shaffer Lee (wife of John D. Lee), Stephen Longstroth, Wandle and Margaret Merkle Mace, Moses Martin, Edward and Clarissa Miller, Lydia Moon, Horace and Sally Lane Owens, Jane Freeman Pea (wife of John Pea), John and Elizabeth Knighton Pea, Hannah Peacock, William Waterman and Lydia Brewster Phelps, David and Fanny McAtherton Redfield, Margaret Riding, Jeremiah Robey Sr., Jeremiah and Ruth Robey, Joseph and Clarissa Terry Schofield, Marcia Abbot Sherwood (wife of Henry Sherwood), Jackson and Mary Owens Smith, Julia Smith, Lorenzo and Charlotte Squires Snow, Robert and Julia Treby Stone, William and Helnora Graham Symmonds, Mary Oakley Taylor (wife of John Taylor), William and Julia Haight Van Orden, Alice Hurst Wallwork (wife of William Wallwork), Salmon Warner, Henry and Frances Kelly Wilson, Aivin and Mary Judd Winegar, Sarah Witt, and Gad and Sophia Sanburn Yale

41These included: Charles and Eliza Tibbits Allen, Reuben and Lucy Butler Allred, Josiah and Elizabeth Bliss Arnold, John and Rebecca Hobland Averett, Wilmer Benson, Ann Fox Benson, Benjamin and Susanna Joyce Boyce, Thomas and Henrietta Bullock, Hannah Calkins (wife of Israel Calkins) Elvira Randall Clapp, Lorenzo and Beulah Rodgers Clark, Catharine Reese Clawson, Maria Thompson Crosby (wife of David Crosby), Heber Davenport, Simeon and Margaret Snyder Dunn, Cynthia Durfee, Alzina Durfey Dykes (wife of George Dykes), Mary Jordan Ensign (wif of Samuel Ensign), James and Elizabeth Myers Glines, Stephen and Zeruah Roby Goddard, Gilbert and Abigail Goldsmith, Samuel and Ovanda Fuller Gully, Madison and Chelnetia Smith Hambleton, Alvira Smith Hendricks (wife of William Henricks), Joseph and Sarepta Blodgett Heywood, Rebecca Greenleaf Holman, Pamela Holman, William and Carolyn Clark Huntington, Benjamin and Ann Stout Jones, Abraham and Patience Pierce Palmer, Morgan and Polly Lovell Phelps, Stephen and Mary Wheeler Luce, Paulina Phelps Lyman (wife of Amasa Lyman), William and Sarah Coles Major, Duncan and Susan McKeen McArthur, Melissa Smith Mott (wife of Stephen Mott), William and Margaret Nichols Pace, James and Lucinda Strickland Pace, Tunis Rappleye, Enoch and Hannah Harvey Reese, Ruth Reese, Daniel and Hannah Walton Repsher, Eliza Graves Rich (wife of Charles C. Rich), Sarah Pea Rich (wife of Charles C. Rich), Sarah Peck Rich (wife of Charles C. Rich), Mary Phelps Rich (wife of Charles C. Rich), Elijah Sabin, Cynthia Bent Shurtliff, Cynthia Nobel Shurtliff (wife of Luman Shurtliff), Warren and Amanda Barnes Smith, William Smith, Sarah Prichard Snow (wife of Lorenzo Snow), Harriet Squires Snow (wife of Lorenzo Snow), Claudius and Marie Spencer, Hiram and Emily Thompson Spencer, Roswell and Polly Doyle Stevens, Allen Stout, Martha Jones Thomas (wife of David Thomas), Daniel Thomas, Theodore and Frances Kimberley Turley, Frances Amelia Turley, Mary Ann Turley, Priscilla Turley, Andrew and Hannah Allred Whitlock.

42George Mayer’s family would settle in Salt Lake City and Spanish Fork, Utah.  He later served a mission to Switzerland.

43The Belnaps would later settle in the Ogden area where Gilbert would serve as the sheriff.  In 1877 he would be called as the bishop of the new Hooper Ward. 

44Joseph would later settle in Kanosh, Utah and would be an Indian fighter, pony express and mail carrier.  He would serve 12 years as a constable.  In 1889, Joseph would serve time in prison for plural marriage.  Lewis Barney would die in 1894, in Colorado.

45Isaac and Phebe Beebe, Asenath Slafer Bent (wife of Samuel Bent), Curtis and Rebecca Bunker Bolton, James and Esther Jones Brown, Esther Raper Brown (wife of James Brown Jr.), Charles Burk, John and Keziah Van Benthuysen Burk, George and Sarah Smith Burkett, Anson Call, Cyril and Sally Tiffany Call, Dominicus and Mary Durfee Carter, Aaron and Mehitable Cheney, Graham and Hannah Heckman Coltrin, John and Leah Coltrin, Zebedee and Mary Mott Coltrin, Frederick and Sarah Davis Cook, Mary and William Cartright Covert, Lose Lathrop Cutler (wife of Alpheus Cutler), Henry and Elizabeth Deam, John and Mary Downton, Edward and Eliza Cowen Duzette, Edmund and Cornelia Sherman Fisher, Jacob and Margaret Mann Foutz, Samuel Fowler, William Garner, Levi and Deborah Wing Gifford, Evan and Susan Kent Greene, Hannah Tupper Grover (wife of Thomas Grover), Areot Hale, Jonathan and Olive Boynton Hale, Jacob and Constantia Langdon Hutchinson, Aseneth Jones, Nancy Young Kent (wife of Daniel Kent), Thomas and Margaret Pisel Kington, Abel and Almira Lamb, Rachel Woolsey Lee (wife of John D. Lee), Catherine Lewis, Betsey Mackley, John Mackley, Edward and Alice Clayton Martin, Hugh and Polly McCall McLellin, Sarah McGill, Mary Bent Miles (wife of Ira Miles), James and Elizabeth Haskins Newberry, Eliza Newberry, Harvey and Ann Mingus Omstead, John and Hannah Ingersol Patton, Andrew and Jermima Whitson Perkins, William and Dicey Ray Perkins, Mary Pitt, William and Wealthy Eddy Pratt, Abi Burk Price (wife of Samuel Price), Ira and Sarah Harrington Rice, Louisa Gordon Rising, Ira Royce, James and Mary Magill Sloan, Sarah Gibbons Smoot (wife of Abraham O. Smoot), Garner and Sarah Hastings Snow, James and Eliza Carter Snow, Levi and Melinda Howard Steward, Dexter and Barbara Redfield Stillman, Helen Averet Thaxton (wife of James Thaxton), Alvah and Caroline Beard Tippets, George Watt, Edwin and Mary Wickersham Wooley, Sarah Moore Wood, Sarah Workman, Nancy Bean Williams (wife of Thomas Williams), William and Susan Yocum.

46George Davis Grant was the brother of Jedediah M. Grant.  George had spent time in Richmond jail with Joseph Smith in 1838.  He served as a bodyguard for Joseph Smith. He later settled in Davis County, Utah.  Grantsville, Tooele, Utah, was named after George D. Grant.

47Because of public pressure, Theodore Turley had recently been released from prison on his false counterfeiting charge.

48Adeline Andrus Benson (wife of Ezra T. Benson), Mary Barker Brown (wife of Benjamin Brown), Sarah Mumford Brown (wife of Benjamin Brown), Polly Thompson Brown (wife of Benjamin Brown), Guy and Miranda Barnum, Job and Marica Collins Barnum, Nelson and Amanda Bates, Phebe Matteson Bates (wife of Ormus Bates), Morilla Spink Bates (wife of Ormus Bates), Anna Bowermater, Elizabeth Durfee Brackenbury (wife of Joseph Brackenbury),  Ann Brimhall, Elizabeth Monroe Brotherton (wife of Joseph Brotherton), Alfred and Hester Merritt Brown, Benjamin Brown, Daniel Carter, Harriet Carter, Gardner and Delecta Farrer Clark, Huldah Clark, Raymond and Louisa Gill Clark, Benjamin and Diana Cole Covey, William and Matilda Butcher Faussett, Rebecca Fausset, Josiah and Nancy Bigler Flemming, Peter and Elizabeth Fory, Abigail Hale, Charles and Julia Lockwood Hales, George and Sarah Gregory Hales, Jesse and Martha Hall Haven, Samuel and Elizabeth Harris Henderson, John Higbee, Chandler and Eunice Dunning Holbroook, Jonathan and Elvira Cowles Holmes, William and Elizabeth Bullard Hyde, Julia Hills Johnson (wife of Ezekiel Johnson), Andrew Lamoreaux, Catharine Lamoreaux, John Lamoreaux, Elisabeth Brotherton Pratt (wife of Parley P. Pratt), Mary Wood Pratt (wife of Parley P. Pratt), William and Jane Gates Manhard, William McClary, John McEwan, Henry and Elmira Pond Miller, Lucrettia Johnson Miller (wife of William Miller), Miranda Jones Newton (wife of Nathan Newton), Archibald and Abigail Salisbury Patten, Edward and Susanna Harcliffe Rigby, Aseneth Hurlbut Sherman, Ransom and Mary Goodwin Shepard, Charles and Sarah Price Smith, Mary Aikens Smith (wife of Silas Smith), Sophronia Smith (Sister of the prophet Joseph Smith), Axy White Snow (wife of Erastus Snow), Minerva White Snow (wife of Erastus Snow), John and Eliza Boswick Tanner, Annis B. Thompson, Sarah Ann Voorhees, Rebecca White, Bushrod and Catharine Anderson Wilson, Thomas and Mary Burrell Woolsey, George Wright, andJohn and Christina Lautenschaeger Zundall.

49Benjamin Aber, Randolph and Mryza Alexander, Joseph Allen, Milo and Abigail Daley Andrus, Truman Angel, Phebe Morton Angel, Sarah Bedell Barker (wife of Samuel Barker), Stephen and Deborah Barnum Blackman, A Vis Brown, Ebenezer Brown, Eliza Burgess, Milissa Burton, Samuel and Hannah Burton, Daniel and Jane Amanda Spencer Cahoon, Joseph Cain, Luman and Mehetable Russell Calkins, Orlando and Sarah Van Blaracum Carter, Nancy Chapman, John and Mary Parker Chidester, Howard and Martha Knowlton Coray, Jane Houston Collins (wife of C.H.  Collins), George and Nancy Coulson, Frances Cubertson, William and Sarah McKee Davis, Hiram and Permelia Bundy Dayton, Lysander Dayton, Maria Dayton, Isaac Decker, Jane Denmon, Joel and Tirzah Winters Drury, James Duncan, Perry Durfee, Prudence Fairchild, Elizabeth Fairchild, Augustus Farnham, Joseph and Armilla Fletcher, Elisha and Lucy Simmons Groves, Stephen and Eveline Carter Hales, Benjamin Hall, John and Lucy Clark Hatfield, Alpheus and Adaline Haws, Lola Ann Haws, Gustavus and Elizabeth Mansfield Hill, Peter and Sarah Mode Hofheinz, Isaac and Theodosia Keyes Houston, Henry and Sylvia Huffman, Eunice Hyde, Heman and Polly Tilton Hyde, Joseph and Elizabeth "Betsy" Knight Johnson, Azra and Lois Knapp Judd, Joseph and Elizabeth Martin Kelting, John and Sally Killian, Sidney and Harriet Barnham Knowlton, John and Sarah Carter Leek, Stephen and Fanny Fairchild Litz, John and Rachel Anderson Loveless, John and Mary Wilcox Lowry, Avis Hill McBride, David and Margaret Bell McCall, John and Katherine Mikesell, Artemus and Almira Okely Millet, Joseph and Elizabeth Bassack Mount, Samuel and Katherine Hisbit Mullimer, William and Mary LaFlesh Munjar, Samuel and Sarah Bidell Parker, Martin and Mary Thorn Peck, James and Jane Sharp Rawlins, Steven and Sybil Spencer Stevens, John and Molly Marston Sweat, William Taylor, John and Jane Telford, Charles and Catharine Hank Thompson, Frederick and Lydia Draper Van Leuven, Emily Whitmarsh, Catharine Wilkie, and Minerva Wood.

50Brother Watt did leave on this mission with his family in the spring.  He served in Scotland for the next five years.  He would later go to Utah and was the founding editor of the Journal of Discourses.

51Joseph and Lucy Morely Allen, Hannah Dunham Allen (wife of Simeon Allen), Sally Avord, Ariah and Margaret Brewer, Jane Bruce, Ormus Bates, Laura Beck, Isaac and Almina Behunin, Jacob and Amy Chase Bigler, Elizabeth Degan Bushman (wife of Martin Bushman), Maria Haven Burton (wife of Robert Burton), Israel and Lavinia Wheller Calkins, Israel Calkins Sr., George Q. Cannon, Thomas and Betsey Maker Carrico, John Chase, Sarah Clift, Jeter and Melissa Snow Clinton, Barnet and Phebe Van Alstine Cole, John Cooley, Frederick and Emeline Whiting Cox, Freeborn and Anna Knight DeMill, William and Lydia Lathrop Draper, Nancy Redding Egan (wife of Howard Egan), Augustus and Mary Pottle Farnham, John W. Farnham, John and Mary Hunt Forsgren, William Gallaher, John and Eliza Averett Harvey, John and Judith Woodbury Haven, James and Beulah Sabin Hoyt, Martha Hurlbutt Redding (wife of Jackson Redding), Margaret Johnson, Sophia Leland, Truman Leonard, Lydia Snow Lewis (wife of John Lewis), Waldo and Mary Thompson Littlefield, Melatiah and Ruth Grant Luce, Hiram and Elizabeth Armstrong Mace, Joshua and Elizabeth Anderson Miller, Joseph and Hannah Tyler Meacham, Joshua and Permela Chapman Mecham, Elizabeth Bouton Miller (wife of George Miller), William and Jane Robb Muir, Jesse and Caroline Pinkham Nichols, Elizabeth Gallaher Orton (wife of Amos Orton), Laura Owens, Harriet Parker, Samantha Roundy Parker (wife of John Parker), Hezekiah and Jemima Smoot Peck, Stephen and Rhoby Edwards Perry, Ann Price, Return Redden, Louisa Redding, Joseph Rice, Joseph and Maria Wood Robinson, Jared Roundy, Joseph Sanders, Betsey Quimby Roundy (wife of Shadrach Roundy), Luman and Altamine Gaylord Shirtliff, Eunice Gaylord Shirtliff (wife of Luman Shirtliff), Francis and Isabella Bond Smith, Samuel and Martishia Smoot Smith, Daniel and Clarinda Graves Stanton, Nathaniel Taylor, Elizabeth Kaighin Taylor (wife of John Taylor), Surviah Taylor, Parshall and Hannah Terry, Thomas and Rosetta Bull Thurston, Ortensia White Truman (wife of Leonard Truman), Mary Gregson Watt (wife of George Watt), Sarah Loveless Wight (wife of Charles Wight), Elijah and Mary McCumber Williams, Sarah Williams, Elizabeth Barlett Woodbury (wife of Daniel Woodbury), Jeremiah Woodbury, Charlotte Fox Woodworth (wife of Lucian Woodworth), and Araminta Williams Woodworth (wife of Lucian Woodworth).

52These stern words and measures were needed apparently because some men had been living in some side rooms, cooking, sleeping, tending babies and bringing women who weren't their wives into the rooms.  There had been many women and children who had received ordinances, who were not entitled to the ordinances.  There had been people lounging about who had no particular duty to attend to.  Order needed to be established in the temple as large numbers of people received ordinances.

53The family would go to Utah in 1851 and settle in Provo.  This boy would later serve on the Prove City Council, as chief of the Provo Fire Department, and President of Timpanogos and Rock Canyon Water Company.

54David Candland was baptized into the Church in 1841, in London, England.  In February, 1846, he left Nauvoo for a mission to England.  Later, David Candland was an assistant stage manager of the Deseret Dramatic Association in Utah.  He later settled in Mt. Pleasant, Utah.

55Lewis Robbins was baptized into the Church in 1832.  He later settled in Salt Lake City, Utah.  In 1864, he was accidentally killed, while quarrying rock near St. George, Utah.

56William Miller later would serve as the stake president of the Utah Stake. 

57Lansford W. Hastings journeyed to Oregon and on to California in 1842.  He published his book in Cincinnati in 1845.

58Chancey Bacon came to Utah in 1852 and settled in Pleasant Grove.

59Enoch Farr would make his residence in Ogden and would serve a mission to the Sandwich Islands.

60Jacob Hancock would later settle in Payson, Utah.

61These hogs were later found to be hidden in Hibbard’s cellar!

62Elisha Averett joined the Church in 1835.  He had helped with the construction of the Nauvoo Temple.  He was a member of the martial band of the Nauvoo Legion.  Elijah Everett was his twin brother.

63Nathaniel and Susan Hammond Ashby, Eliza Dutcher Autercark (wife of Isaac Autercark), William and Margaret Stephenson Blackhurst, David and Elizabeth Garrett Brinton, Eliphalet and Rena Bristol, Welcome and Susan Risley Chapman, William Cottier, Nancy Cressy, Daniel and Susan Moses Davis, Maria Davis, John Downing, Margaret Gheen Downing (wife of James Downing), Elizabeth Young Ellsworth (wife of Edmund Ellsworth), Aaron and Persis Atherton Farr, Nathaniel and Eliza Preston Felt, Solon and Sarah Downing Foster, Adelaide Fowles, John and Elvira Edmonds Gaylord, John and Desdemona Chase Gleason, Lydia Granger, Joseph Griffith, Elizabeth Hendricks, James Hendricks, Joshua Holman, Joseph and Mary Hales Horne, William Kelly, Louisa Pond Kingsbury (wife of Joseph Kingsbury), Martin and Sarah Muir Littlewood, Mary Beecher Lincoln (wife of Ira Lincoln), Dionitia Walker Lyman (wife of Amasa Lyman), Dolly Mecham, Lewis and Lydia Wells Mecham, Moses and Elvira Derby Mecham, Benjamin and Lovina Buckwalter Mitchell, William and Mary Spring Murray, Joseph Mycock, Isaac and Eliza Dutcher Odekirk, Sarah Perry Noon, Abigail Pond, Stillman Pond, William Pond, Elizabeth Stockton Pool (wife of William Pool), Thomas and Mary Nillenew Richardson, Eveline Walker Rollins (wife of James Rollins), Samuel and Esther Hill Russell, Alfred and Ann Austin Smith, Julia Stone, Sarah Balwin Smith (wife of Joshua Smith), Catherine Bimford Stephenson, Sidney and Louisa Conlee Tanner, John and Nancy Ferguson Tanner, Rebecca Smith Tanner (wife of John Tanner), Nathan and Rachel Smith Tanner, Jonathan and Martha Pierce Taylor, William and Olive Farr Walker, Lorin and Lovina Smith Walker, Cynthia Weston, Charles White, George and Nancy Whitting, David and Alice Atkinson Wilding, Alexander and Isabella Gill Williams, and Andrew and Jane Smith Woods.